Transformative Gender Interventions: Linking theory and practice using the "bifocal approach".

Jennifer Anne de Vries and Marieke van den Brink , (2016),"Transformative gender interventions", Equality, Diversity and Inclusion: An International Journal, Vol. 35 Iss 7/8 pp. 429 - 448

Translating the well-established theory of the gendered organization into strategic interventions that build more gender equitable organizations has proven to be difficult. The authors introduce the emergence of the bifocal approachand its subsequent development and examine the potential of the bifocal approachas a feminist intervention strategy and an alternative means of countering gender inequalities in organizations. While pre-existing transformative interventions focus on more immediately apparent structural change, the focus begins with the development of individuals. 

The authors show how the bifocal is able to overcome some of the main difficulties of earlier transformative approaches, maintaining organizational access, partnership building, sustaining a gender focus and ultimately sustaining the change effort itself. The bifocal approach seeks structural change, however, the change effort rests with individuals. The development of individuals, as conceived within the bifocal approach was designed to create a small winsripple effect, linking individual (agency) and organizational change (structure).